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Avenue Q is a musical comedy featuring puppets and human actors with music and lyrics by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx and book by Jeff Whitty. It won Best Musical, Book, and Score at the 2004 Tony Awards. The show's format is a parody of Sesame Street, but its content involves adult-oriented themes. It has been praised for its approach to themes of racism, homosexuality and internet pornography.

The musical premiered Off-Broadway in 2003 at the Vineyard Theatre, co-produced by the Vineyard Theatre and The New Group. In July of that same year, the show moved to the John Golden Theatre on Broadway, where it ran until 2009, playing for over 2,500 performances.[1] It transferred to the off-Broadway New World Stages within weeks of ending its Broadway run, where it played until 2019; together, the two productions played 6,569 performances.[2] Major productions have been staged in Las Vegas and the West End, and the musical has been staged and toured in several countries around the world. A school-friendly script has been produced.

The principal cast includes four puppeteers and three human actors. The puppet characters, Princeton, Kate, Nicky, and others, are played by the unconcealed puppeteers as the costumed human actors interact with the puppets.

Background and structure[]

Avenue QTemplate:'s cast consists of three human characters who interact with eleven puppet characters. The puppets are animated and voiced by puppeteers who appear on stage, unconcealed. The puppet and human characters ignore the puppeteers, creating the illusion that the puppets are alive. To assist with the illusion, the puppeteers wear plain gray clothing in contrast to the human and puppet characters' colorful costumes. The same puppet may be operated by different puppeteers in different scenes, and the actor voicing the puppet may be, at times, not the one animating it. One puppeteer sometimes voices two or more puppets simultaneously. Conversely, the so-called "live-hands" puppets require two puppeteers – again, in full view of the audience.

The show draws inspiration from and imitates the format of children's educational television show Sesame Street. Marx interned at the program early in his career, and all four of the original cast's principal puppeteers – John Tartaglia, Stephanie D'Abruzzo, Jennifer Barnhart and Rick Lyon – were Sesame Street performers (D'Abruzzo returned to Sesame Street after leaving Avenue Q[3]). Three of the puppet characters are direct recognizable parodies of Sesame Street puppets: Roommates Rod and Nicky are a riff on Bert and Ernie,[4] while Trekkie Monster bears the distinctive voice and disposition of Cookie Monster, though not his obsession with baked goods. (The production officially disclaims any connection with either Sesame Workshop or The Jim Henson Company.)[5]

All of the characters (puppet and human) are young adults who face real-world problems with uncertain solutions, as opposed to the simplistic problems and invariably happy resolutions encountered by characters on children's television programming. Much of the show's ironic humor emerges from its contrasts with Sesame Street, including the differences between innocent childhood experiences and complex adulthood. The storyline presupposes the existence of "monsters" and talking animals, and human actors sing, dance and interact with puppets, both human and non-human, as if they were sentient beings, in a light-hearted, quasi-fantasy environment. However, the characters use a considerable amount of profanity, and puppet nudity and sex are portrayed. The show addresses adult themes, such as racism, pornography, coming out, and schadenfreude.

The story does not explain why three of the human characters are portrayed by human actors, while other characters intended to be perceived as humans are puppets.[6] One human character is a fictionalized version of the real-life celebrity Gary Coleman, the juvenile actor who played Arnold Jackson in the 1980s American sitcom Diff'rent Strokes and later famously sued his parents and business advisers for stealing his earnings.[7] Coleman is portrayed (by a woman in most productions) as an adult, who happens to be the building superintendent in the run-down Avenue Q neighborhood due to his dire financial situation. Marx and Lopez said that they originally intended to offer the Gary Coleman role to Coleman himself, and he expressed interest in accepting it, but did not show up for a meeting scheduled to discuss it. They stated that the character illustrates "one of the most important themes in Avenue Q ... that life isn't as easy as we've been led to believe".[8] Coleman threatened to sue Avenue Q producers for their depiction of him, but ultimately he did not.[9]

When Coleman died on May 28, 2010, casts of both the Off-Broadway production in New York City and the second national tour in Dallas dedicated that evening's performances to his memory.[10][11] The Coleman character remains in the show with modified dialogue.[12]

Synopsis[]

The show is set on a fictional street in an "outer-outer borough" of New York City.

Act I[]

Princeton, a recent college graduate, is anxious to discover his purpose in life; but first, he must find an apartment and a job, with no work experience and an English degree ("What Do You Do with a B.A. in English?"). Beginning his search on Avenue A, he finally finds an affordable apartment on Avenue Q. His new neighbors are Kate Monster, a kindergarten assistant teacher; Rod, an obsessively neat Republican investment banker; Nicky, Rod's slacker roommate; Brian, an aspiring comedian recently laid off from his catering job; Christmas Eve, Brian's Japanese fiancée and a therapist with no clients; Trekkie Monster, a surly recluse who surfs the Internet all day in search of porn; and Gary Coleman, the former child actor who now serves as the apartment superintendent. Debates ensue over whose life is worst, and they conclude that it is Coleman's ("It Sucks to Be Me").

Nicky, who is straight, suspects that Rod is gay and assures Rod it is okay with him if he is, but Rod insists otherwise ("If You Were Gay"). While moving into his apartment, Princeton learns that he has been laid off from the job he had lined up. He finds a penny minted in his birth year, declaring it a sign that he will soon find his purpose in life ("Purpose"). Kate Monster dreams of starting a "Monstersori" school for young "people of fur". Princeton innocently asks Kate if she and Trekkie are related, since they are both monsters, but Kate angrily pronounces his assumption racist. Princeton, taken aback, counters that Kate's Monstersori School would discriminate against non-monsters. Gary, Brian, and Christmas Eve join them in agreeing that racism, while problematic, is an adult reality ("Everyone's a Little Bit Racist").

Princeton receives money from his parents. The Bad Idea Bears, two charming troublemakers, convince him to spend it on beer. Kindergarten teacher Mrs. Thistletwat assigns Kate to teach the next morning's kindergarten class, her first solo teaching opportunity. She decides that her lesson will be about the Internet and all its educational attributes, but Trekkie Monster and the neighbors explain another reality of adulthood: many adults, even "normal people", use it to find pornography ("The Internet is for Porn").

Princeton gives Kate a mixtape. His puzzling song selections make her question his intended message, but eventually, she decides that he must like her after he invites her on a date to the Around the Clock Café ("Mixtape"). Brian opens the show with his lame stand-up act ("I'm Not Wearing Underwear Today"), before introducing skanky chanteuse Lucy the Slut, who wows the guys, especially Princeton, with a seductive cabaret number ("Special"). The Bad Idea Bears suggest that Kate and Princeton order some "harmless" Long Island Iced Teas, and once Kate is totally inebriated, Princeton takes her home to bed, where they have enthusiastic, high-decibel sex. Gary fields angry calls from other tenants but refuses to intercede ("You Can Be as Loud as the Hell You Want When You're Makin' Love").

Meanwhile, Rod hears Nicky say, "I love you, Rod," in his sleep, and is jubilant, but he eventually realizes he was dreaming. Kate and Princeton profess their mutual love, and he gives her his lucky penny ("Fantasies Come True").

The next morning, a hung-over Kate oversleeps and misses her teaching assignment. Mrs. Thistletwat berates her, and Kate angrily quits her job before she can be fired. Christmas Eve decides unilaterally that it is time she and Brian were married. At the wedding, Nicky blurts out his suspicion that Rod is gay. Rod, furious, insists he has a girlfriend none of them have ever met ("My Girlfriend Who Lives in Canada") and tells Nicky he is no longer welcome in their apartment.

When Kate catches Christmas Eve's wedding bouquet, Princeton panics, confesses his fear of commitment, and asks Kate if they can just be friends. Kate retorts that she already has many friends, and ends their relationship ("There's a Fine, Fine Line").

Act II[]

A despondent Princeton has been holed up in his apartment after breaking up with Kate ("It Sucks to Be Me" (reprise)), but the neighbors coax him outside, where he once again runs into Lucy, who seduces the rebounding Princeton ("There is Life Outside Your Apartment"). Kate is angry, but Christmas Eve explains that it means she is in love with him ("The More You Ruv Someone"). Kate writes a note to Princeton suggesting that they rendezvous at the Empire State Building and leaves it with Lucy, who promptly destroys it. Nicky, having been kicked off of all his friends' couches, laments his fate to Gary who confesses that he is deriving pleasure from Nicky's misfortune; they agree that this, while morally wrong, is yet another reality ("Schadenfreude").

On the Empire State Building's viewing platform, Kate, thinking that Princeton has stood her up, throws his lucky penny away. A hundred stories below, Lucy, who had just dumped Princeton for lacking a job, plans or money, is knocked unconscious by the penny. At the hospital, Kate figures out that Lucy sabotaged the meeting, while Kate and Princeton unsuccessfully try to work out their problems over Lucy's comatose body. Rod is too proud to accept Nicky's repeated apologies, despite clearly missing him, and tearfully consults Christmas Eve. Princeton, Kate, and Nicky dream of returning to happier times ("I Wish I Could Go Back to College").

Princeton gives a still-homeless panhandling Nicky a quarter, and marvels at how fantastic he feels. Since thinking only about himself has gotten him nowhere, he decides to raise money to build Kate's Monstersori School. He solicits everyone, even breaking the fourth wall to shake down the audience, but the results are disappointing ("The Money Song"). Then Trekkie Monster, recalling his own traumatic school experiences, donates ten million dollars and explains to the astonished cast that "in volatile market, only stable investment is porn!" ("School for Monsters/The Money Song" (reprise)).

Kate joyfully opens her new school. Brian lands a consulting job, and Christmas Eve finally has a paying client (Rod), so the newlyweds move to a better neighborhood. Rod finally comes out, unsurprisingly, and takes Nicky back in. Nicky finds Rod a boyfriend – Ricky, a muscle-bound hunk who otherwise looks and sounds exactly like Nicky. The Bad Idea Bears discover Scientology. Lucy, having recovered from her head injury, becomes a born-again Christian and takes a vow of chastity. Kate and Princeton agree to give their relationship another go ("There's a Fine, Fine Line" (reprise)).

A new college graduate inquires about the vacancy in the building ("What Do You Do with a B.A. in English" (reprise)), and Princeton has an epiphany: he concludes that his purpose may be to put everything he has learned into a Broadway musical. Everybody, especially the new guy, immediately ridicules him. The cast reminds Princeton that, in the real world, many people never find their purpose, but life goes on, and everything, both good and bad, is "only for now" ("For Now").

Characters[]

File:Avenue Q Nicky and Rod.jpg

Avenue Q castmembers perform a duet with Nicky (left) and Rod for "Broadway on Broadway" in September 2006

Note: These descriptions come from the Characters section in the script.

Puppet characters[]

  • Princeton: "A fresh-faced kid just out of college."
  • Kate Monster: "A kindergarten teaching assistant, a bit older than Princeton."
  • Nicky: "A bit of a slacker, who lives with Rod."
  • Rod: "A Republican investment banker with a secret." Whitney Matheson of USA Today described Rod as "New York's most famous (and perhaps only) gay Republican puppet."[13][14]
  • Trekkie Monster: "A reclusive creature obsessed with the Internet."
  • Lucy: "A vixen-ish vamp with a dangerous edge."
  • The Bad Idea Bears: "Two snuggly, cute teddy-bear types."
  • Mrs. Lavinia Thistletwat: "Ancient, Kate's boss."

Humans[]

  • Brian: "A laid-back guy engaged to Christmas Eve." Brian is named after Brian Yorkey, who played the role in the original workshop presentations.[15]
  • Christmas Eve: "A therapist who moved here from Japan."
  • Gary Coleman: "Yes, that Gary Coleman. He lives on the Avenue, too. He's the superintendent."[16]

Casts[]

Principal original casts of major productions of Avenue Q:

Character Original Broadway Cast Original London Cast Original Las Vegas Cast (alternating) First National Tour
Princeton/Rod John Tartaglia Jon Robyns John Tartaglia / Jonathan Root Rob McClure
Kate Monster/Lucy the Slut Stephanie D'Abruzzo Julie Atherton Brynn O'Malley / Kelli Sawyer Kelli Sawyer
Nicky/Trekkie Monster/Bear Rick Lyon Simon Lipkin Rick Lyon / David Benoit Christian Anderson
Gary Coleman Natalie Venetia Belcon Giles Terera Tonya Dixon / Haneefah Wood Carla Renata
Christmas Eve Ann Harada Angela Ai / Natalie Gray Angela Ai
Brian Jordan Gelber Sion Lloyd Nicholas Kohn / Cole Porter Cole Porter
Mrs. T/Bear Jennifer Barnhart Clare Foster Sharon Wheatley / Rita Dolphin Minglie Chen

Musical numbers[]

Act I
  • "The Avenue Q Theme" – Company
  • "What Do You Do with a B.A. in English?" – Princeton
  • "It Sucks to Be Me" – Brian, Kate, Rod, Nicky, Christmas Eve, Gary Coleman, Princeton
  • "If You Were Gay" – Nicky, Rod
  • "Purpose" – Princeton, Ensemble
  • "Everyone's a Little Bit Racist" – Princeton, Kate, Gary, Brian, Christmas Eve
  • "The Internet Is for Porn" – Kate, Trekkie Monster, Brian, Gary, Rod, Princeton
  • "Mix Tape" – Kate, Princeton
  • "I'm Not Wearing Underwear Today" – Brian
  • "Special" – Lucy
  • "You Can Be as Loud as the Hell You Want (When You're Makin' Love)" – Gary, Bad Idea Bears, Princeton, Kate, Brian, and Christmas Eve
  • "Fantasies Come True" – Rod, Kate, Princeton, Nicky
  • "My Girlfriend, Who Lives in Canada" – Rod
  • "There's a Fine, Fine Line" – Kate

Template:Col-break

Act II
  • "There Is Life Outside Your Apartment" – Brian, Princeton, Christmas Eve, Gary, Nicky, Trekkie Monster, and Lucy
  • "The More You Ruv Someone" – Christmas Eve and Kate
  • "Schadenfreude" – Gary and Nicky
  • "I Wish I Could Go Back to College" – Kate, Nicky and Princeton
  • "The Money Song" – Nicky, Princeton, Gary, Brian and Christmas Eve
  • "School for Monsters" – Trekkie Monster
  • "The Money Song" (reprise) – Nicky, Princeton, Gary, Brian and Christmas Eve
  • "There's a Fine, Fine Line" (reprise) – Princeton and Kate
  • "What Do You Do With a B.A. in English?" (reprise) – Newcomer
  • "For Now" – Kate, Brian, Gary, Princeton, Nicky, Rod, Christmas Eve, Trekkie Monster, Lucy, Bad Idea Bears, Company

Instrumentation[]

The rental version of the musical is scored for bass (acoustic and electric), drums/percussion (drum kit, bell tree, bongos, china cymbal, cowbell, egg shaker, finger cymbals, ice bell, mark tree, ratchet, siren whistle, slide whistle, tambourine, temple blocks, triangle, vibraslap, and wood block), guitars (acoustic, electric, and banjo), reeds (B♭ clarinet, alto sax, flute), and two electronic keyboards.[17]

Other Avenue Q songs[]

Nine additional songs were written for Avenue Q or associated promotions, but are not part of the original Broadway production itself.

  • "Tear It Up and Throw It Away": Originally performed early in the first act, between "What Do You Do with a BA in English?" and "If You Were Gay"; Kate is called for jury duty, and Nicky advises her to ignore the summons, pretending it was lost in the mail. ("Your civic duty? Who gives a doody?") Kate tears up the summons and is ticketed for littering. The number was cut during Off-Broadway rehearsals because it had no relevance to the plot, and because, according to Stephanie D'Abruzzo, there was no judicious way to dispose of the paper scraps, which remained onstage throughout Act One.[18] The cut came so late that early promotional materials included references to the song, and its main melody can be heard underscoring dialog in "The Money Song" on the original cast recording. It was included on a CD that accompanied the original souvenir program but not on the cast recording. An original audio clip is available on YouTube.[19]
  • "Time": Originally performed in a sequence where Nicky enjoys his time in the bathroom as Rod begs him to finish up so he can use the bathroom, and becomes increasingly distressed as the song continues. Eventually Rod decides to go use the Starbucks restroom, only for Nicky to hear him and ask to come with him.[20] The song was cut during the development process but was resurrected for a video created for the London production. This video was originally shown on the on-stage video screens during intermission, just prior to the second act curtain; Nicky (Simon Lipkin) sits on the toilet in the theatre's men's room at intermission, singing about all the "chores" he is getting done between acts. Several audience members waiting to use the stall become increasingly annoyed. British comedian Matt Lucas has a cameo role. The song was cut during early previews for unspecified reasons, but remained on the CD that accompanied the souvenir brochure, and was shown at the final West End performance on October 30, 2010. A video can be viewed on YouTube.[21]
  • "Rod's Dilemma": Written for Tony Award voters, this song spoofs Avenue QTemplate:'s competition for the 2004 Tony for Best Musical, and the entire Tony voting process. In the Rotary Club presidential election, Rod cannot decide whether to vote for the guy he has a crush on (symbolizing The Boy from Oz), a wealthy man (Wicked), or an old friend (Caroline, or Change). The neighbors advise him against voting "for your friends, 'cause they say you should vote for the candidate you think is good." The song was a part of the production's successful Tony Award campaign, called "Q '04 Now! Vote Your Heart!".[22][23] An audio cut is available on YouTube.[24]
  • "It Sucks to Be Me" (reprise): This song is sung by Princeton immediately after Act Two begins. It was not part of the original show or original cast recording. The song was first added to the Las Vegas production, and subsequently became part of the current off-Broadway show and the licensed script.
  • "Only in Vegas": This parody of Las Vegas-style show tunes was written to promote the Las Vegas production. It featured Rick Lyon operating a Steve Wynn puppet, who tells the cast of Avenue Q how happy they will be in Las Vegas. The song was performed on the Regis and Kelly syndicated television show and in some press and media events.
  • "Rod's Christmas": Found on the CD Broadway's Greatest Gifts: Carols for a Cure, Vol. 5: Rod headlines at the "Don't Tell Daddy's Cabaret and Night Club" (a parody of the New York piano bar Don't Tell Mama, which is named for a song from the musical Cabaret). Rod sings that Christmas is the time of year where he can combine his two great loves, "Christmas carols and show tunes."
  • "The Holi-daze": Found on the CD Broadway's Greatest Gifts: Carols for a Cure, Vol. 8. Written by Michael Patrick Walker and Phoebe Kreutz (who both worked on the Broadway and Off-Broadway productions of Avenue Q), the members of the company sing about how they cope with the stresses and problems of the holiday season. The song does not feature any characters from the show but was recorded by several of the original Avenue Q cast and band members, and was sub-titled "Drinkin' Our Way Through the Holidays".
  • "Christmas": "Purpose" with new, festive lyrics. Written by the company of Avenue Q/London for Theatrecares' "West End Christmas" charity event. It is on a special CD, but can also be heard at Jon Robyns's Web site.[25]
  • "How Much Do the People in Your Neighborhood Make?": A parody on the classic Sesame Street song, "Who Are the People in Your Neighborhood", the song was written very early in the show's history, and dropped when the original television show format was abandoned in favor of a stage production.[26]

Puppet development[]

The Avenue Q puppets, which cost up to $10,000 each, and require up to 120 hours of hand fabrication per character,[27] were designed and built by original cast member Rick Lyon.[28] Lyon's company, The Lyon Puppets, built and maintained the puppets used in all North American productions, and several of the international productions, while supervising the construction of those from other productions.Template:Citation needed

Three distinct types of puppets are used in the show:

Rod puppets[]

Single Rod: Princeton, Kate Monster
Double Rod: Rod, Lucy, The Bad Idea Bears
Rod puppets consist of a head and a torso with two arms, at least one of which is movable for gestures. "Single rod" puppets have one movable arm controlled by one rod, with the other arm "posed" in a permanent gesture or attached to the puppet's torso; both arms are movable on "double rod" puppets, each controlled by a separate rod. The puppeteer controls the puppet's head and mouth with his or her dominant hand, and holds one or both rods in the other hand.[29]

Live-hands puppets[]

Nicky, Trekkie Monster, Mrs. Thistletwat
Live-hands puppets require two puppeteers, each of whom contributes one hand and arm dressed with a long sleeve and glove matching the puppet's costume, which become the arms and hands of the puppet. The speaking puppeteer controls the puppet's left hand, head, and mouth, while the second, silent operator controls the right hand. (Sides are sometimes reversed if the speaking puppeteer is left-handed.) During the show, one puppeteer will sometimes exit to take over another puppet, leaving the live-hands puppet with a single operator and only one functioning hand. In a variation, one or both of the puppet's hands can be attached to its torso to permit operation by a single puppeteer.

Mechanized and free hand puppets[]

Mechanized puppets are not directly controlled by the puppeteer's hand. Instead, they are controlled by a concealed trigger that when pulled causes the mouth to open. The motion is similar to a toy grabber. Princeton's cardboard boxes, also used in "Purpose", are examples of such puppets. Free hand puppets do not have rods, mechanisms, or live-hands for their arms. While their head controls are the same as a rod puppet, the hands are moved by physically picking them up and moving them. In the show Ricky is the only puppet with this design because it is intended for use by a left handed puppeteer.Template:Citation needed

History[]

Jeff Marx met Robert Lopez at a songwriting class at the BMI Workshop.[30] As part of the workshop, the two decided to write songs for a speculative Muppet movie based on "Hamlet" called Kermit, Prince of Denmark. Encouraged by the class response to their songs, they decided to have someone actually performing a puppet present a song, since they were writing them for puppets. Through mutual friends, they contacted Rick Lyon, who agreed to perform Kermit singing a song in their class. He performed a Kermit replica puppet while sitting on a stool in full view of the audience. This visible puppeteer approach became a key component of Avenue Q. Kermit, Prince of Denmark was pitched to, but was ultimately turned down by, the Henson family.[31] The duo then decided to create a new show, with original puppet characters, which was a parody of Sesame Street. Lyon created the puppets.[32] Avenue Q was originally conceived as a show for television, but following a public reading presented for potential producers/investors in 2000, Broadway producers Robyn Goodman and Jeffrey Seller expressed interest in developing it into a theatrical property.[26]

Productions[]

Off-Broadway[]

Avenue Q ran Off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre for 72 performances from March 20 through May 4, 2003, with previews from February 19. The musical won the 2003 Lucille Lortel Award for Best Musical and Outstanding Sound Design (Brett Jarvis). It was nominated for the Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Director (Jason Moore), Outstanding Choreographer (Ken Roberson) and Outstanding Scenic Design (Anna Louizos).[33] It won the 2003–2004 Outer Critics Circle Award, Outstanding Ensemble Performance and Puppet Artistry and the 2004 GLAAD Media Award, Outstanding New York Theater: Broadway and Off-Broadway[34]

Broadway[]

File:Golden Theatre Avenue Q.jpg

Avenue Q at the John Golden Theatre on Broadway

The musical opened on Broadway at the John Golden Theatre on July 31, 2003, following previews from July 10, again directed by Moore and choreographed by Roberson, with set design by Louizos,[35] costume design by Mirena Rada, lighting design by Howell Binkley, musical supervision by Stephen Oremus, musical direction by Gary Adler, and puppet design and execution by cast member Rick Lyon.[27] It was produced by Kevin McCollum, Robyn Goodman, and Jeffrey Seller.[36] The show was nominated for six Tony Awards and won three: Best Musical, Best Book of a Musical and Best Original Score.[37]

After 22 previews and 2,534 regular performances, it closed on September 13, 2009.[38] As of June 21, 2009, the production had grossed over $117 million and had returned profits of $23.5 million to its investors.[38](All of the money collected from the audience during "The Money Song" is donated to Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS.)

After the show closed on Broadway, it reopened Off-Broadway at the New World Stages complex on October 9, 2009.[39] The production played there for a decade until its final performance on May 26, 2019, with many former cast members, and the show's creators in the audience.[40]

Las Vegas[]

In September 2005, Avenue Q opened at the Wynn Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas under a production contract that precluded Avenue Q tours in North America during the Las Vegas run. A new 1,200-seat theater was built especially for the show. Variations from the Broadway production included a new reprise of "It Sucks to Be Me" for Princeton at the top of Act Two, some new orchestrations, a trimmed "The Money Song," and a new rock arrangement of "There Is Life Outside Your Apartment," as well as a few jokes written specifically for Las Vegas audiences.Template:Citation needed

Attendance was well below anticipated levels, and in January 2006 the show was cut to 90 minutes with the intermission removed. Hotel owner Steve Wynn promoted the show heavily, at one point decorating 20 city cabs in orange fuzz and large white "Q" letters. All such efforts were unsuccessful, and the show closed on May 28, 2006, after a nine-month run,[41] terminating the exclusivity agreement and opening the way for national tours.Template:Citation needed

West End[]

A Cameron Mackintosh-produced version of Avenue Q opened in 2006 in the West End at the Noël Coward Theatre (formerly the Albery Theatre). Several adaptive changes were made for British audiences, including portrayal of the Gary Coleman character by a male actor. The production ran 1,179 performances through March 2009, then reopened in June 2009 at the Gielgud Theatre. After a further 327 performances, the show moved in March 2010 to the Wyndham's Theatre,[42][43] where it closed on October 30, 2010, after a five-year run.[44]

Touring productions[]

The first national tour began at the Spreckels Theatre in San Diego, California, on June 30, 2007. Broadway director and choreographer Jason Moore and Ken Roberson returned in those roles, as did most other Broadway creative team members. The tour played a total of 721 performances in 22 cities, and closed at the Fox Cities Performing Arts Center in Appleton, Wisconsin on May 10, 2009.[45] A second national tour opened in Clemson, South Carolina in September 2009 under direction of the same creative team, and closed in Huntsville, Alabama on April 23, 2011.Template:Citation needed

The first UK tour began at the Theatre Royal Bath in February 2011 and closed at Northampton's Derngate in July.[46] A second UK and Ireland tour began in January 2012 at the Theatre Royal, Plymouth,[47] Sell A Door Theatre Company launched a British revival of the show in April 2014, which ran for 3 weeks at Greenwich Theatre, followed by a 12-week UK tour. The tour differed from the West End production in that Gary Coleman, as in the Broadway production, was portrayed by a female actress.[48] The production toured the UK again in 2015–16; another touring production started in 2019.[49]

International Productions[]

An Australian production opened in June 2009 at the Comedy Theatre, Melbourne, directed by Jonathan Biggins and featuring a local cast, including Michala Banas as Kate/Lucy. The production visited Sydney in August, before touring Canberra (Australian Capital Territory), Perth (Western Australia), Adelaide (South Australia), Brisbane (Queensland), and Auckland in New Zealand, and closed in June 2010. The show won a number of Helpmann Awards, including Best Direction, Best Actress and Best Actor.[50]

Avenue Q has had additional international productions in Australia,[51][52][53] Denmark,[54][55] Brazil,[56] France,[57] Germany,[58] Hong Kong,[59] Mexico,[60] Portugal,[61] South Africa[62] and Spain,[63] among others.

Avenue Q: School Edition[]

Avenue Q and Music Theatre International collaborated on the Avenue Q: School Edition to facilitate production of the musical by high school drama departments. Most of the profanity and sexual themes are removed from the script and score, and two songs ("My Girlfriend Who Lives in Canada" and "You Can Be As Loud as the Hell You Want") are removed. "The Internet Is for Porn" is replaced with "My Social Life Is Online", and Trekkie's obsession with pornography is replaced by an obsession with social networking sites. The characters Mrs. Thistletwat and Lucy the Slut are renamed Mrs. Butz and Lucy, respectively. The scenes involving the Bad Idea Bears are altered to deemphasize alcohol.[64][65]

Avenue Q promotional events[]

File:Avenue Q cast - Broadway on Broadway 1.jpg

Avenue Q cast performing at Broadway on Broadway with the puppets.

On September 30, 2004, the day of the first Bush–Kerry presidential debate at the University of Miami, on a stage set up in Times Square, the cast of Avenue Q presented their version of the debate, called Avenue Q&A, with portrait puppets of Bush and Kerry created by Rick Lyon. Eighteen television networks covered the event. Lyon operated the Bush puppet, while Jennifer Barnhart operated the Kerry puppet. Each puppet sang responses to questions from Avenue Q's concerned residents, and the whole cast sang "Vote Your Heart" (see Other Songs above) to the rain-drenched crowd.[66] Rod (played by Tartaglia) moderated the mock-debate.[67] Also in 2004, Rod and Tartaglia appeared on the syndicated game show Hollywood Squares.[68]

Regis Philbin and Kelly Ripa puppets created by Lyon hosted the first few minutes of an episode of Live with Regis and Kelly.[69] In addition, Rod and John Tartaglia did "man on the street"-style interviews on the 2005 NBC broadcast of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.[70] Rod and John also appeared alongside other Broadway stars in a World AIDS Day benefit concert of Pippin held at the Manhattan Center on November 29, 2004; Rod played "The Head."Template:Citation needed

In another Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS benefit in 2005, the original cast of Avenue Q and the cast of the Broadway revival of Fiddler on the Roof presented a 10-minute spoof of both musicals called "Avenue Jew."[71] Trekkie Monster poorly plays the Fiddler theme, pauses, and eats the fiddle. Tevye, his wife Golde and two of their daughters, having immigrated to the US, arrive on Avenue Jew, an area inhabited by Jewish versions of the Avenue Q characters. The human cast expresses frustration at being upstaged by the puppets in the song "The Puppets/The Humans." Jewish-American Princeton asks "What do you do with a B.A. in Yiddish?" Tevye's daughter Shprintze falls in love with Princeton; Tevye forbids her union to a puppet but later relents. Princeton laments, "If I were a human". Rod sings "Matchmaker, Matchmaker" begging the matchmaker (played by Mrs. Thistletwat) to find him a Jewish husband. She sets Rod up with Lazar Wolf; the two ask permission to be married from the Tsar puppet, who forbids a gay marriage, only to be interrupted by theater critic Ben Brantley, who objects to casting non-Jewish actors in Fiddler. The company concludes "everyone's a little bit Jewish". Princeton and Shprintze return in wedding attire, and the cast raises a chuppah adorned with a furry orange Avenue Q logo.

In November 2005, the Avenue Q website held a "One Night Stand" contest for amateur puppeteers and their puppets. Andrew MacDonald Smith and his puppet Maurice Tipo won, and on March 10, 2006, appeared in the evening performance in the opening song, the café scene, and the curtain call.Template:Citation needed In October 2006, Jonathan Root and Princeton presented the award for Best Young Adult Novel at the Quill Awards.Template:Citation needed In November 2006, the London cast appeared on the BBC program Children in Need and performed "It Sucks to Be Me".[72] In December 2006, the London cast performed on the Royal Variety Performance and performed "It Sucks to Be Me", "For Now", and "Special", in which Lucy the Slut suggested through lyrics and dialogue that she was making a pass at (then) Prince Charles.Template:Citation needed

The cast and puppets took to the stage at Trafalgar Square on July 4, 2009, as part of the "London Pride 2009" celebration, performing "If You Were Gay", "Special" and "For Now", with Lucy the Slut assuring all the ladies in the audience that she is bisexual.Template:Citation needed Cast members appeared on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on August 13, 2009, to promote the last month of shows, performing "The Internet is for Porn" for the first time on national television.Template:Citation needed As a response to the Muppets' Bohemian Rhapsody video, Avenue Q created a video called We Will Rock Q. Released on YouTube on May 4, 2010, it features the Off-Broadway cast performing covers of the Queen songs "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions".[73]

The cast appeared on the Today Show in 2018 to promote the show's 15th year.Template:Citation needed

Original Broadway cast recording[]

The original cast recording was made on August 10, 2003, at Right Track Studio A in New York City, produced by Jay David Saks for RCA Victor. The album contains almost all of the music from the show, with the original Broadway cast and orchestra. Released on October 6, 2003, it has been in the top ten of the Billboard Top Cast Album Chart since the chart's launch on January 12, 2006.[74] It was nominated in the Musical Show Album category for a 2004 Grammy Award.[75] According to Playbill, it was likely the first cast recording to use a Parental Advisory label.[76]

Critical reception[]

Avenue Q received nearly unanimous favorable reviews, both nationally and internationally.

The New York Times theatre critic Ben Brantley called it a "...savvy, sassy and eminently likable...breakthrough musical", and compared its potential long-term influence to West Side Story and The King and I.[77] The New Yorker described it as "...an ingenious combination of 'The Real World' and Sesame Street".[78] The Times described it as "...how Friends might be if it had Fozzie Bear and Miss Piggy arguing about their one-night stand, but with more angst, expletives and full-on puppet sex."[79]

Avenue Q made Entertainment Weekly's 2010 end-of-the-decade "best-of" list: "This 2003 smash musical is Sesame Street for grown-ups, with filthy-minded puppets who teach useful lessons like 'The Internet Is for Porn.' Somewhere, Big Bird is molting."[80]

Awards and nominations[]

Original Broadway production[]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2003 Drama Desk Award[81] Outstanding Musical Template:Nom
Outstanding Book of a Musical Jeff Whitty Template:Nom
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Stephanie D'Abruzzo Template:Nom
Outstanding Lyrics Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx Template:Nom
Outstanding Music Template:Nom
2004 Tony Award[37] Best Musical Template:Won
Best Book of a Musical Jeff Whitty Template:Won
Best Original Score Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx Template:Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical John Tartaglia Template:Nom
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Stephanie D'Abruzzo Template:Nom
Best Direction of a Musical Jason Moore Template:Nom
Theatre World Award Stephanie D'Abruzzo Template:Won
John Tartaglia Template:Won
2005 Grammy Award[82] Best Musical Show Album Template:Nom

Original London production[]

Year Award Ceremony Category Result
2007 Laurence Olivier Award[83] Best New Musical Template:Nom

References[]

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  6. The humans played by human actors are Gary Coleman, Christmas Eve and Brian, the human-shaped puppets are Princeton, Nicky, Rod, Lucy and Mrs. Thistletwat, and the other puppets are Kate Monster, Trekkie Monster and the Bad Idea Bears. See "Avenue Q Puppets", MTI. Retrieved 10 November 2023
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External links[]

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